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March 18, 2024

Hedge Funds and the T+1 Horizon: Preparing for Swift Settlements
4 min read

What Hedge Funds Need to Know: Impact on and Preparing for T+1

Hedge Fund and T+1The transition to a T+1 settlement cycle is poised to reshape the trading landscape for all market participants, including hedge funds. This move, aimed at enhancing market efficiency and reducing settlement risk, will have profound implications for hedge funds, known for their agile and often complex trading strategies. Understanding both the potential benefits and challenges is crucial for hedge funds as they navigate this significant change.

The Impact of T+1 on Hedge Funds

The implementation of T+1 settlement brings a significant shift in the operational and strategic landscape for hedge funds. This change is poised to have a profound impact on how these funds operate, from trade execution to risk management. As the industry transitions to this quicker settlement cycle, hedge funds must assess the implications for liquidity, market exposure, and investment strategies. This section delves into the multifaceted effects of T+1 on hedge funds, highlighting the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. By understanding these impacts, hedge funds can better position themselves to navigate the complexities of the new settlement environment, optimizing their operations to thrive in a more dynamic and efficient market.


  • Reduced Counterparty Risk: The shorter settlement period decreases the time exposure to counterparty risk, meaning funds are less vulnerable to the risk of a trading partner defaulting between the execution and settlement of a trade.
  • Improved Capital Efficiency: By reducing the settlement cycle, T+1 frees up capital more quickly, allowing hedge funds to reinvest or redistribute assets with greater agility. This could enhance the fund’s ability to execute high-frequency trades and leverage opportunities more rapidly.
  • Operational Efficiency: The move encourages hedge funds to streamline their operations and invest in technology to handle the faster settlement cycle, potentially leading to long-term operational efficiencies.


  • Operational Challenges: The shift to T+1 necessitates significant changes to back-office operations, including trade processing, risk management, and compliance protocols. Hedge funds will need to review and possibly overhaul their existing systems and workflows to accommodate the accelerated settlement cycle.
  • Liquidity Management: The shortened cycle puts a premium on liquidity management. Hedge funds must ensure they have the necessary liquidity to meet settlement obligations on a tighter timeline, which may require more careful planning and real-time liquidity monitoring.
  • Increased Costs: Initially, the transition to T+1 could increase operational costs for hedge funds. Investments in new technologies, training for staff, and potential adjustments to trading strategies could contribute to higher short-term expenses.

Preparing for T+1: Dos and Don’ts

Hedge Funds dos and dontsAs the financial industry edges closer to the T+1 settlement era, hedge funds find themselves at a crucial juncture, poised to adapt to faster transaction times. This transition is not just a regulatory mandate but an opportunity to streamline operations, enhance efficiency, and mitigate risk. The shift to T+1 demands meticulous preparation, from technological upgrades to operational adjustments. To navigate this change successfully, it’s vital to embrace a strategic approach, recognizing both the opportunities and the challenges it presents. Below, we outline essential dos and don’ts that hedge funds should consider as they prepare for T+1. This guidance aims to foster a smooth transition, ensuring funds not only comply with the new settlement timeframe but also leverage it to achieve operational excellence and maintain a competitive edge in the fast-paced financial landscape.


  • Conduct a Comprehensive Systems Review: Assess current trading, settlement, and risk management systems to identify areas that require upgrades or modifications to handle T+1.
  • Invest in Technology: Leverage automation and advanced technologies to streamline trade processing, reconciliation, and compliance reporting. Consider technologies that offer real-time analytics and liquidity management tools.
  • Train Your Team: Ensure that all team members, from traders to operations staff, are fully trained on the implications of T+1 and the new processes in place.
  • Test Your Systems: Engage in industry-wide testing initiatives to ensure your systems can handle the T+1 environment without issues.


  • Underestimate the Adjustment Period: Transitioning to T+1 will require time and patience. Don’t expect systems and workflows to be optimized immediately.
  • Ignore Liquidity Requirements: Failing to adjust liquidity management practices can lead to settlement failures. Hedge funds must proactively manage their liquidity under the T+1 cycle.
  • Neglect Regulatory Compliance: With the move to T+1, regulatory requirements may evolve. It’s critical not to overlook these changes in the rush to update systems and processes.
  • Overlook Communication with Counterparties: Keep an open line of communication with brokers, custodians, and other counterparties to ensure smooth coordination and compliance with the T+1 settlement cycle.


The transition to T+1 presents both opportunities and challenges for hedge funds. By proactively addressing the operational, technological, and strategic implications, hedge funds can position themselves to capitalize on the efficiencies of the T+1 settlement cycle while mitigating its potential drawbacks. As always, staying informed, adaptable, and forward-thinking will be key to navigating this significant market change.